Fortunately, by following just a few simple guidelines and learning some handy tricks, it can be easy for anybody to produce professional-looking digital photos.
One of the most important factors to consider in taking a photo is composition. This involves framing the subject of your photo in a way that is naturally appealing to the eye. It may seem counter intuitive, but shooting the subject in the dead center of the viewfinder does not always produce an aesthetically pleasing photo. Generally, it is preferable to shoot your subjects slightly off center.
The “rule of thirds” can help you find a good position for the intended focal points of your photo. It works like this: imagine your camera’s viewfinder divided into three evenly spaced rows and columns, producing nine rectangular sections. Your focal points should usually be centered on the inside corners where these imaginary rectangles meet.
When shooting portraits or landscapes, focus and lighting play particularly important roles. In portraits, you ideally want to get in as close to your subject as possible, reducing the amount of background that appears in your shot. By setting a large f/stopor using the camera’s optical zoom just slightly, it is possible to make the background appear somewhat out of focus, ensuring that only your subject will be the main feature of your finished photo.
Using a flash while taking a portrait can create harsh shadows, so it is preferable to use indirect lighting or a fill-in flash to get a more natural look.
For landscape photography, you want everything to appear in crisp focus. Setting a small f/stop can help create an infinite depth of field, allowing you to capture the entire landscape all at once with no blurry patches. It can be difficult to get the lighting just right when shooting an entire landscape, and often landscape photos wind up looking too dark, since the brightness of the sky can cause your camera to automatically dim. To avoid this, you can aim your camera more at the foreground of the landscape and press the capture button down halfway, locking in the exposure and reducing the influence of the sky. The result will be a bright, fully focused landscape photograph.
One of the best things about digital photography is that you have infinite do-overs. If you find you are not happy with the results of your shot, you can simply delete the image and try again. A digital camera will allow you to tweak and experiment until you get the exact results you want. By using these simple guidelines and exercising a little patience, you should be able to take professional looking digital photos in no time at all.